ISSN: 1870-1442

:: Number 47 (January - April 2024)

Editorial Committee

Teresa Aguirre
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
teresaaguirre5@gmail.com  (Mexico)

Silvia Berger
Universidad de Buenos Aires
sberger@fibertel.com.ar (Argentina)

Carlos Berzosa Alonso-Martínez
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
carlos.berzosa@cear.es  (Spain)

Mónica E. Bruckmann
Universidade Federal Fluminense
m.bruck@terra.com.br  (Brazil)

José Déniz
Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas
jdenizes@ccee.ucm.es  (Mexico)

Gary Dymski
Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds
g.dymski@leeds.ac.uk  (United Kingdom)

Jesús Ferreiro
Universidad del País Vasco
jesus.ferreiro@ehu.es  (Spain)

Bárbara Fritz
Freie Universität Berlin, ZI Lateinamerika-Institut
Barbara.Fritz@fu-berlin.de  (Germany)

James Galbraith
The University of Texas at Austin
galbraith.james@utxvm.cc.utexas.edu (USA)

Rodolfo García Zamora
Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas
rgarciaz@prodigy.net.mx (Mexico)

Ilene Grabel
University of Denver
ilene.Grabel@du.edu  (USA)

Antonio Ibarra
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
ibarrara@unam.mx (Mexico)

Pedro Paez
Universidad Central del Ecuador
pedropaezperez@gmail.com  (Ecuador)

Louis Philippe Rochon
Laurentian University
lprochon2003@yahoo.com  (Canada)

Mario Seccareccia
University of Ottawa
mseccare@uottawa.ca  (Canada)

Faruk Ülgen
University Grenoble Alpes
faruk.ulgen@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr  (France)

María Vara
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
maria.vara@uam.es  (Spain)

Diana Vicher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
dianavicher@gmail.com  (Mexico)












Creative Commons License  All content of this journal, except where identified, is under a Creative Commons License 


Made in Mexico, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), all rights reserved 2004-2024.

OLA FINANCIERA, Vol. 17 No. 47,    January - April 2024, is a quarterly publication, with international arbitration, edited by Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Ciudad Universitaria, Circuito Mario de la Cueva s/n, Ciudad de la Investigación en Humanidades, Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, México, D.F. Tel.+52 (55) 5623-0131, and Faculty of Economics, Ciudad Universitaria, Circuito Interior s/n, Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, México, D.F., www.olafinanciera.unam.mx, ola.financiera.unam@gmail.com Editor in charge: Dr. Wesley C. Marshall. Reservation of Rights to Exclusive Use: 04-2013-050912324700-203, ISSN electronic: 1870-1442. Responsible for the last update of this issue, Ing. Jesús Garrido López and Dr. Jesús Sosa Arista, Circuito Mario de la Cueva s/n, Ciudad de la Investigación en Humanidades, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, México D.F. date of last modification, january 08, 2024.

The opinions expressed by the authors do not necessarily reflect the position of the editor of the publication.

Permission to reproduce all or part of the published texts is granted provided the source is cited in full including the web address. Otherwise, it requires prior written permission from the institution.